Geography and History

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Bangladesh lies between latitudes 20° and 27°N, and longitudes 88° and 93°E. Bangladesh is in the low-lying Ganges Delta. This delta is formed by the confluence of the Ganges. Except for a short border with Myanmar (Burma) in the southeast of the country, Bangladesh is surrounded by the Indian Union. In the west and north it borders on West Bengal. In the northeast it borders on Assam and Meghalaya and Tripura and Mizoram in the east. To the south lies the Bay of Bengal.

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The area of present-day Bangladesh looks back on a rich cultural heritage that goes back to Dravidian, Indo-Aryan, Persian, Turkish and European influences. In the 12th Century came Islam in the wake of the Sufis which until then prevailing Buddhist and Hindu dynasties. A large part of the population converted to Islam, which plays an important role in politics and society today. In the 16th Century Bengal was incorporated as a province of the Mughal Empire.
Bangladesh is a multiple product of decolonization. Established at the division of India into a secular (India) and on religion (Islam) based State (Pakistan. The western part of the big city of Calcutta and its industrial based region came to the Indian Union, the eastern part with an area of about 140,000 sq km country was the second part of Pakistan, the former East Pakistan. After a long unaware of the developments and under pressure from West Pakistan on 26 March 1971 East Pakistan declare the self determination and proclaimed the independence, West Pakistani Army killed 3 million of people, searches, looting, rape during the nine months war, 10 million people fled to refugee .On December 16, 1971, the Pakistan army surrendered. Thus Bangladesh plunged into a gory war seeking its own birth.



The climate is tropical and is determined by three seasons.. Bangladesh has a tropical monsoon-type climate, with a hot and rainy summer and a dry winter. January is the coolest month with temperatures averaging near 26 deg C (78 d F) and April the warmest with temperatures from 33 to 36 deg C (91 to 96 deg F). The climate is one of the wettest in the world. Most places receive more than 1,525 mm of rain a year, and areas near the hills receive 5,080 mm ). Most rains occur during the monsoon (June-September) and little in winter (November-February). January is the coolest month with an average of 19 ° C in the capital Dhaka and May is the warmest month with an average of 29 ° C in Dhaka.